The two organizations from which American Airlines was originated were Robertson Aircraft Corporation and Colonial Air Transport. The former was first created in Missouri in 1921, with both being merged in 1929 into holding company The Aviation Corporation. This in turn, was made in 1930 into an operating company and rebranded as American Airways. In 1934, when new laws and attrition of mail contracts forced many airlines to reorganize, the corporation redid its routes into a connected system, and was renamed American Airlines. Between 1970 and 2000, the company grew into being an international carrier, purchasing Trans World Airlines in 2001.
American is one of the nation's leading airlines in flights to international destinations. AA Airlines flies to several countries in South America, including Brazil, Colombia, Argentina, and Peru. Through their hub in Dallas, American dominates the travel market to Central America, with service to almost every country between Mexico and Colombia. European service is anchored by American's oneworld partners, with American Airlines flights to the United Kingdom, Germany, Spain and other countries supplemented with seasonal service to countries like Norway and Sweden. American also serves Asia with flights to Shanghai and Beijing in China; Nagoya, Osaka, and Tokyo in Japan, and several additional nations.
New York–JFK – The tenth-largest hub for American in terms of number of flights, the ninth-largest in number of destinations and American's secondary East Coast hub for international flights. About 7 million passengers fly through JFK on American every year, or about 19,000 people per day. American has about 12% of the market share at JFK, making it the third-largest carrier at the airport behind Delta and JetBlue. Since 2017, American has been reducing its international operations at JFK, opting to expand its Philadelphia hub instead. JFK also serves as a major connecting point for other Oneworld carriers.
The huge city of Dallas, set in northern Texas, boasts an infinitely intriguing history and eclectic, exciting mix of cultures. Once a big player in the cotton and oil industry, Dallas skyrocketed to become a major cultural and artistic hub, and today boasts a vast range of top galleries and performing arts centers. Dallas also has a strong musical heritage, which thrives in its live music venues and nightlife. Splurging shoppers and bargain-hunters will find that Dallas’ immense collection of malls provides a paradise.
In the late 1960s, American commissioned designer Massimo Vignelli to develop a new livery. The original design called for a red, white, and blue stripe on the fuselage, and a simple "AA" logo, without an eagle, on the tail; instead, Vignelli created a highly stylized eagle, which remained the company's logo until 2013. In 1999, American painted a new Boeing 757 (N679AN) in its 1959 international orange livery. One Boeing 777 and one Boeing 757 were painted in standard livery with a pink ribbon on the sides and on the tail, in support of Susan G. Komen for the Cure. One Boeing 757 is painted with a yellow ribbon on the tailfin on the aircraft and on the side of the body says "Flagship Freedom". American Eagle, the airline's regional airline has the same special livery on ERJ-145 aircraft.
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One year later, there were 15 people working from Chesky and Gebbia's loft apartment on Rausch Street in San Francisco. To make room for employees, Brian Chesky gave up his bedroom and lived at lodging booked via the Airbnb service until the company moved into its first office space. In April 2009, the company received $600,000 in seed money from Sequoia Capital and, in November 2010, raised $7.2 million in financing from Greylock Partners and, again, from Sequoia Capital, in a Series A round, then announcing that out of 700,000 nights booked, 80% had occurred in the previous six months.